Share With Friends
This article analyzes the hardware configuration and software compatibility of the M1 macbook air and pro, and gives purchase recommendations and reference for the purchase of accessories. It is divided into the following some parts:
- Display screen
- Other configuration
- Software compatibility
- Buying advice
Apple released the M1 chip-based MacBook Pro/Air and Mac mini on Double Eleven, which can be regarded as opening a new era of ARM architecture chips supporting desktop computing.
Let me start with the conclusion: it is worth buying . If you are working in a special professional field, you can wait for the relevant tools to adapt to M1 before purchasing.
Next, let’s talk about the macbook air and MacBook Pro released this time from all aspects.
Apple MacBook Air 13.3 new eight-core M1 chip (7-core graphics
Apple MacBook Pro 13.3 new eight-core M1 chip 8G 256G SSD
# macbook air processor
The biggest highlight of this release is the M1 chip. Both MacBook Air and MacBook Pro are equipped with M1 processors. Judging from the performance announced at the press conference,
the MacBook Air processor speed is up to 3.5 times that of the previous generation, and the MacBook Pro is 2.8 times faster. The performance improvement is very obvious.
From the specification point of view, the M1 chip is a 5nm process, integrates 16 billion transistors, has 8 CPU cores, 8 GPU cores and 16 neural network processing cores.
# a. CPU core
The 8 CPU cores include 4 performance cores and 4 energy efficiency cores. The performance core is responsible for processing demanding tasks, such as program compilation, audio and video creation. The performance core power consumption is only one-tenth of the previous generation , used to handle lightweight tasks.
# b. GPU core
With 8-core GPU (the low-end version of macbook air is 7-core), it may be the strongest integrated graphics card. Apple officially said that ” 3D subtitles are rendered in Final Cut Pro, the speed is increased to 5 times .”
Judging from the Gfxbench results, the M1 set display level is comparable to the 16-inch MBP Radeon Pro 5300M, and even surpasses the desktop graphics card GTX 1050Ti.
Recently, Apple has developed a TensorFlow optimized for M1 . When using M1’s GPU for machine learning training, the performance is up to 7 times higher than the previous generation MBP.
# NPU core
The 16-core neural network engine built into the M1 chip has a computing power of up to 11 trillion operations per second. At present, M1’s NPU is mainly used in the fields of video analysis, speech recognition and image processing.
# Unified memory
Combining memory and chip, with faster transmission speed.
This integrated high-bandwidth, low-latency memory pool allows various apps to efficiently share data between the central processing unit, graphics processor, and neural network engine, so everything is fast and smooth.
# Benchmark points
At present, geekbench already has the running scores of this macbook air. The multi-core score is 6967, which has surpassed the 16-inch MacBook Pro equipped with the 9th- generation Core i9 .
The screenshots of running scores are from geekbench, and their scores may change as the statistical sample increases.
The running score of MacBook Pro is slightly higher than that of Air, the single-core gap is not big, and the multi-core score reached 7416
Their position in the Mac series is sandwiched between two Macs/iMac Pros equipped with Intel Xeon processors. OMG!
Let’s take a look at the performance trends of Intel and Apple chips in recent years.
Do you think the trend of the 45-degree cosmic rays of Apple is terrifying?Intel: Wait! My toothpaste can still be squeezed!
Both MacBooks have 13-inch displays, and both support P3 color gamut and original color display technology.
The screen brightness of the MacBook Pro is up to 500 nits and the MacBook Air is 400 nits .
Among them, MacBook Air upgraded from the previous generation of sRGB color gamut to P3 color gamut , supporting more color displays. Its screen color performance is basically the same as Pro.
# Battery life
Thanks to the high energy efficiency of the M1 chip, this macbook air has a significant increase in battery life and macbook air charger probely strong rumors .
MacBook Air: Built-in 49.9 watt-hour lithium polymer battery, up to 18 hours of battery life.
MacBook Pro: Built-in 58.2 watt-hour lithium polymer battery, up to 20 hours of battery life.
Go out for a day without power, no pressure.
# Other configurations
Both computers support WiFi 6 wireless network, with faster and more stable transmission speed, which is also the general trend of wireless LAN in the future.
All are equipped with a three-microphone array (where MacBook Pro is a studio level), which has better recording effects.
MacBook Air has no fan for cooling. MacBook Pro has a fan to provide active cooling, which is more suitable for long-term full-load processing needs.
In terms of weight, MacBook Pro 1.4 kg, MacBook Air 1.29 kg. In pursuit of portability, MacBook Air is highly recommended. macbook air charger may be available on it to charge easy but i am not pretty sure thats a big rumors on social platforms.
# software compatibility
Due to the change in chip architecture, the previous x86 has become ARM. Because of the difference in the CPU instruction set , if you want to execute the original macOS application, you need to translate it through Rosetta 2 .
Regarding the CPU instruction set, it can be simply understood as the language and commands that the CPU can understand . In the past, programs on macOS were mainly compiled based on the x86 CPU instruction set.
Since M1 is an ARM instruction set and cannot understand x86 instructions, this Rosetta 2 has a translation function to translate the program into M1 readable in real time instruction.
Most x86 apps can be translated and run by Rosetta 2 , including Chrome, WeChat, Adobe Family Bucket, Steam games, and some developer tools such as pycharm, Go SDK, etc.
Can run most iOS APP directly (depending on whether the developer provides download).
Judging from the current test results, the experience of Rosetta 2 is very good, and most of the software can be translated and executed normally. Although the translation will face a performance loss of about 20%, in the face of the powerful M1, there is basically no difference in user experience.
Major software vendors are also porting existing software one after another recently, launching applications that natively support the M1 chip.
Below is a collection of software that does not require Rosetta 2 translation and is natively compatible with Apple Silicon. I will continue to update it for your reference.
# Daily software
- Microsoft Office for Mac
- Kingsoft WPS
- Chrome 87
#Audio and video creation
- Final Cut Pro
- Logic Pro
- Photoshop Beta
- Cinema 4D
- Pixelmator Pro will support soon
- Lightroom will support soon
# Developer tools
- Virtual machine Parallels will support soon
- Virtual machine VMWare Fusion will support soon
# Choose Air or Pro?
If you are pursuing portability and generally only handle daily lightweight tasks and occasionally perform simple video editing, then you can choose MacBook Air.
If you have long-term full-load operation requirements,
such as data analysis, program compilation, large-scale video rendering, and music production, then MacBook Pro is recommended.
“Select 8G or 16G for memory?”
Because the memory of MacBook Air/Pro cannot be expanded later, it is recommended to use 16G memory if the budget is sufficient.
“Is the storage choice 256G or larger?”
The capacity and price are good for you. If you like to try various novel software, I recommend buying a larger one.
If it is used as a video clip, more storage is needed, and larger ones can also be considered appropriately.
Daily use of 256G is not a big problem. If the storage space is not enough, it can also be expanded by an external storage device with an external USB4 or “Raiden 3” interface. In addition, you can also purchase iCloud cloud disks, up to 2T.
This article analyzes the hardware configuration and software compatibility of the M1 based MacBook Pro/Air and Mac mini.